May 02, 2016 The Community and Public are Gendered Strategies for Community Design that are in the Public Interest When you think about planning, how much are you thinking about who is going to use that space? Might they experience the space differently depending on their identities? When we design a public space, we design it for the public. But who is that public? In Toronto, where women comprise 52% of the population, do they ever come to mind as more than half of “the public”? Usually not. If gender and women’s needs were more included in city planning, cities would probably look quite different. Gender Sensitive Planning Gender sensitive planning seeks to understand how different groups of people use public space and integrates it into the planning process. As Eva Kali, a gender expert in urban planning observed, “You need to know who is using the space, how many people, and what are their aims. Once you’ve analyzed the patterns of public space you start to define the needs and interests of the people using it...Then planning can be used to meet these needs.” A Case Study Take Vienna, for example. People’s gendered identities have influenced urban design in many different ways. Time-use surveys have been employed to inform the design of neighbourhoods that include on-site kindergartens, pharmacies and doctors’ offices close to public transit, enabling ease of access for women to run errands, and get to/from school and work with children. Parking spaces accommodate a variety of activities and footpaths reflect women’s patterns of movement. The streetscape and sidewalks were widened to accommodate carts and strollers, with ramps and extra lighting for safety. Gender-sensitive planning doesn’t negatively affect other groups, but results in a better city for everyone. It requires both political will and the interest of urban planners to learn about it and meaningfully meet the needs of the entire public. Some discussion questions- We would love to hear from you in the comments section below! 1) Is gender-sensitive planning an ethical issue? Why or why not? 2) Do you have any examples where gender sensitivity has been built in to the planning process? 3) How do you think that your community would look different if gender-sensitive planning had been used? 4) We live in multiethnic communities. Is ethnic-sensitive as important as gender-sensitive planning? Why or why not? Read more about the Toronto Women's City Alliance and authors of this post Post by Toronto Women's City Alliance (TWCA) Culture & Diversity, Equity, Gender-Sensitive Planning, Public Realm Print FaceBook Share Link LinkedIn Share Link Twitter Share Link Email Share Link Back To Home Recent Posts Link to: December 9, 1994: The day planning came of age December 9, 1994: The day planning came of age September 10, 2019 Link to: December 9, 1994: The day planning came of age Link to: Urban Resiliency in Scarborough Urban Resiliency in Scarborough September 03, 2019 Link to: Urban Resiliency in Scarborough Link to: Urban Resiliency: What is it and Why Does it Matter? Urban Resiliency: What is it and Why Does it Matter? August 01, 2019 Link to: Urban Resiliency: What is it and Why Does it Matter?