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Danielle Desjarlais and Kateri Lucier-Laboucan, Indigenous Design Studio at Brook McIlroy Inc.

Indigenous Planning Perspectives Task Force Report


The Ontario Professional Planners Institute (OPPI)’s Indigenous Planning Perspectives Task Force Report’s ninth recommendation, Facilitation of Learning, states that OPPI should: “… Facilitate access to resources and learning on Indigenous topicsAs well as classroom sessions, conference events and webinars, OPPI must encourage informal learning, such as attending Indigenous events and programs, learning through conversation, reading books by Indigenous authors, engaging in communities of interest, and so on."

Accordingly, this resource list facilitates access to some resources to encourage learning on Indigenous topics. Where possible, links to digital versions of material are provided. This list is not intended to be comprehensive and is meant to serve as a starting point for planning practitioners in their respective learning journeys.

Please note that this resource list may be amended over time to reflect the availability of new, or updated resources. To suggest an additional resource for this list, or to discuss any other matters pertaining to resources on Indigenous planning topics, please contact

Introductory and Foundational Resources

  1. Canadian Geographic, Indigenous Peoples Atlas of Canada. 2018
  2. Coursera. Course on Indigenous Canada offered by University of Alberta.
  3. "Guide to Acknowledging First Peoples & Traditional Territory." Canadian Association of University Teachers.
  4. Joseph, Bob. “Indigenous Peoples Worldviews vs Western Worldviews.” January 26, 2016.
  5. Joseph, Bob. "What Is an Aboriginal Medicine Wheel?" What Is an Aboriginal Medicine Wheel?
  6. Joseph, Bob. "What Is the Seventh Generation Principle?" What Is the Seventh Generation Principle?
  7. Joseph, Bob. “21 Things You May Not Know About the Indian Act:
  8. Joseph, Bob. "21 Things You May Not Know About the Indian Act: Helping Canadians Make Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples a Reality" Indigenous Relations Press, 2018.
  9. Mills, Selena. “What are Land Acknowledgements and why do they matter?”
  10. "The Gifts of the Seven Grandfathers."
  11. Younging, Gregory. Elements of Indigenous Style: A Guide for Writing by and about Indigenous Peoples. Edmonton, Alberta: Brush Education, 2018.

  1. King, Thomas. The Inconvenient Indian: A Curious Account of Native People in North America. Canada: Anchor Canada, 2013.
  2. National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation, Interactive Map and Timeline.
  3. Manuel, Arthur, Ronald M. Derrickson, and Naomi Klein. The Reconciliation Manifesto: Recovering the Land, Rebuilding the Economy. Toronto: James Lorimer, 2018.
  4. Maracle, Lee. My Conversations with Canadians. Toronto: BookThug, 2017.
  5. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Calls to Action (2015).
  6. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future- Summary of the Final Report of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada (2015).
  7. United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (2007).

  1. Canadian Institute of Planners: Policy Statement on Planning Practice and Reconciliation (2019).
  2. Federation of Canadian Municipalities: Pathways to Reconciliation (2016).
  3. Government of Ontario: Map of Ontario Treaties and Reserves.
  4. Whose Land.
  5. "Environmental Challenges on Indigenous Lands: A CIGI Essay Series." Centre for International Governance Innovation. 

  1. Government of British Columbia: Consulting with First Nations.
  2. Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada: Aboriginal Consultation and Accommodation= Updated Guidelines for Federal Officials to Fulfill the Duty to Consult.
  3. Indigenous Corporate Training, Inc.
  4. Indigenous Corporate Training, Inc. Indigenous Awareness: eLearning.
  5. Indigenous Corporate Training, Inc. 9 Terms to Avoid in Communications with Indigenous Peoples.
  6. Joseph, Bob. 12 Common Mistakes in First Nation Consultation. July 2, 2015.
  7.  Métis Nation of Ontario: Regional Consultation Protocols.

  1. Brian Charles, Understanding Anishinaabe History through Wampum Belts.
  2. The Blanket Exercise, Kairos Canada.
  3. Woodland Cultural Centre, Brantford, ON.

Academic and Organizational Resources

  1. Blair, Peggy J. Lament for a First Nation: The Williams Treaties of Southern Ontario. Vancouver: UBC Press, 2008.
  2. Deloria, Vine. God Is Red: A Native View of Religion, 30th Anniversary Edition. New York: Fulcrum Publishing, 2003.
  3. Eades, G. (2015). Maps and Memes: Redrawing Culture, Place, and Identity in Indigenous Communities. 2nd ed. Montreal and Kingston: McGill- Queens University Press.
  4. Havard, Gilles. The Great Peace of Montreal of 1701: French-native Diplomacy in the Seventeenth Century. Montreal: McGill-Queens Univ. Press, 2001.
  5. Herbert Nabigon, Rebecca Hagey, Schulyer Webster, and Robert MacKay. "The Learning Circle as a Research Method: The Trickster and Windigo in Research." Native Social Work Journal2, no. 1 (1999): 113-37.
  6. Kimmerer, Robin Wall. Braiding Sweetgrass: Indigenous Wisdom, Scientific Knowledge and the Teachings of Plants. Minneapolis: Milkweed Editions, 2015.
  7. Labelle, Kathryn Magee. Dispersed but Not Destroyed: A History of the Seventeenth-century Wendat People. Place of Publication Not Identified: Univ Of Brit Columbia Press, 2014.
  8. Schmalz, Peter S. The Ojibwa of Southern Ontario. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.
  9. Seed, Patricia. Ceremonies of Possession in Europe's Conquest of the New World, 1492-1649. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995.
  10. Sioui, Georges E. For an Amerindian Autohistory: An Essay on the Foundations of a Social Ethic. Montrâeal: McGill-Queens University Press, 1992.
  11. Smith, Donald B. Sacred Feathers: The Reverend Peter Jones (Kahkewaquonaby) and the Mississauga Indians. University of Toronto Press, 2013.
  12. "Two-Eyed Seeing." Guiding Principles (Two Eyed Seeing) | Integrative Science.
  13. Williams, Kayanesenh Paul. Kayanerenkó:wa: The Great Law of Peace. Winnipeg, Manitoba: University of Manitoba Press, 2018.

  1. Saul, John Ralston. A Fair Country: Telling Truths about Canada. Toronto: Penguin Canada, 2009.
  2. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Final Report, Volume 1: Honouring the Truth, Reconciling for the Future (2015).
  3. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Final Report, Volume 2: Canada’s Residential Schools: The Inuit and Northern Experience (2015).
  4. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Final Report, Volume 3: The Métis Experience (2015).
  5. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Final Report, Volume 4: Missing Children and Unmarked Burials (2015).
  6. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Final Report, Volume 5: The Legacy (2015).
  7. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada. Final Report, Volume 6: Reconciliation (2015)
  8. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: What We Have Learned (2015).
  9. Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada: The Survivors Speak (2015).
  10. United Nations- Indigenous Peoples: State of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, First Volume.
  11. United Nations- Indigenous Peoples: State of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, Second Volume.
  12. United Nations- Indigenous Peoples: State of the World’s Indigenous Peoples, Third Volume

  1. Alfred, T. (2017). It’s all about the land. In Peter McFarlane & Nicole Schabus (Eds), Whose land is it anyway? A Manual for decolonization. Federation of Post-Secondary Educators of BC.
  2. Ball, Jennifer, Caldwell, Wayne, and Pranis, Kay. Doing Democracy with Circles: Engaging Communities in Public Planning (2009).
  3. Barry, J. & Porter, L. (2011). Indigenous recognition in state-based planning systems: Understanding textual mediation in the contact zone. Planning Theory, 11(2): 170-187.
  4. Berkes, F. (2012). Sacred Ecology. Canada: Routledge.
  5. Borrows, J. (1997). Living between Water and Rocks: First Nations, Environmental Planning and Democracy. The University of Toronto Law Journal, 47(4), 417-468.
  6. Borrows, J. (2005). Crown and Aboriginal Occupations of Land: A History & Comparison. Ipperwash Inquiry, Toronto, Ontario.
  7. Borrows, J. (2015). The Durability of Terra Nullius: Tsilhoqot’in Nation V British Columbia. UBC Law Review, 48(3): 701
  8. Dorries, H. (2012). Rejecting the "False Choice": Foregrounding Indigenous Sovereignty in Planning Theory and Practice. Doctor of Philosophy. University of Toronto.
  9. Federation of Canadian Municipalities: Community Economic Development Initiative.
  10. Leanne Betasamosake Simpson. "Land as Pedagogy: Nishnaabeg Intelligence and Rebellious Transformation." Decolonization: Indigeneity, Education & Society 3, no. 3 (2014): 1-25.
  11. Lighting the Eighth Fire: The Liberation, Resurgence, and Protection of Indigenous Nations. Winnipeg, Man.: Arbeiter Ring, 2009.
  12. Macklem, P. (2001). Indigenous Difference and the Constitution of Canada. University of Toronto Press Inc, Toronto, ON.
  13. Millette, Daniel M. "Incremental Planning: The Tsawwassen First Nation Experience." Journal of Aboriginal Economic Development 19, no. 1, 28-43.
  14. Millette, Daniel M. "Land Use Planning on Aboriginal Lands- Towards a New Model for Planning on Reserve Lands." Canadian Journal of Urban Research 20, no. 2, 1-xx.
  15. Natcher, David C., Ryan Christopher Walker, and Theodore S. Jojola. Reclaiming Indigenous Planning. Montreal & Kingston: McGill-Queens University Press, 2013.
  16. Scott, D.N. (2017). The Environment, Federalism, and the Charter. In Oliver, P., Macklem, P. & Des Rosiers, N. (Eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Canadian Constitution. Oxford University Press. 
  17. Regan, P. (2010). Unsettling the Settler Within: Indian Residential Schools, Truth-Telling, and     Reconciliation in Canada. UBC Press: Vancouver, BC.
  18. Porter, L & Barry, J. (2016). Planning for Coexistence? : Recognizing Indigenous Rights Through Land- Use Planning in Canada and Australia, Routledge. 
  19. Pasternak, S. (2014). Jurisdiction and Settler colonialism: Where do laws meet? Canadian Journal of Law and Society, 29(2): 145-161.

  1. Alberta Energy Regulator. Voices of Understanding- Looking through the Window.
  2. Association of Municipalities of Ontario (AMO): Municipal-Indigenous Relations.
  3. Booth, Annie L., and Norman W. Skelton. "Improving First Nations' Participation in Environmental Assessment Processes: Recommendations from the Field." Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal 29, no. 1 (March 2011): 49-58.
  4. Canadian Council for Aboriginal Business (CCAB).
  5. Laforme, Harry S. “Indian Sovereignty: What does it Mean?”
  6. Meaningful Involvement of Aboriginal Peoples in Environmental Assessment: Final Report. Ottawa: Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, 2009.
  7. Métis Nation of Ontario: Consultation Protocol for the Georgian Bay Traditional Territory.
  8. National Aboriginal Lands Managers Association (NALMA).
  9. Ontario First Nation Technical Services Corporation of Ontario (OFNTSC).

Cover image: Danielle Desjarlais and Kateri Lucier-Laboucan, Indigenous Design Studio at Brook McIlroy Inc.

The graphic is based on the Prophesy of the Seven Fires of the Anishinaabe and the idea that we are currently in the time of the seventh fire, when a choice will be made that will determine the future. This is highly relevant to the issue of planning and climate change. This is why the seventh fire at the top of the graphic is without colour. The outcome is up to us as a collective.